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Glossary of Terms

Customs Union within the Eurasian Economic Community is a form of trade and economic integration of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia which provides for a single customs territory where customs duties and economic restrictions do not apply to the mutual trade in goods, apart from special safeguard, anti-dumping and countervailing measures. In this case, the Member States of the Customs Union share a common customs tariff and other common measures regulating trade with third countries.

Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) is an international economic organization aimed to form common external customs borders of the Member States, to develop common external economic policy, tariffs, prices etc., and other functioning parts of a common market.

Member States of the EurAsEC are Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan (Armenia, Moldova, Ukraine are observers; Uzbekistan withdrew from the EurAsEC in December 2008.

European Union - as at June 2012 the EU Member States are 27 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, France, Czech Republic and Sweden

importation of goods into the customs territory of the customs union is commission of acts connected with crossing the border, resulting in the goods arrived in the customs territory of the customs union by any means, including shipping by international mail, use of pipelines and power lines before they are released by customs authorities;

export of goods from the customs territory of the customs union is commission of acts aimed at the removal of goods from the customs territory of the customs union by any means, including shipping by international mail, the use of pipelines and power lines, before actually crossing the customs border;

release of goods is an act of the customs authorities allowing interested parties to use the goods in accordance with the terms of the declared customs procedure or in accordance with the conditions established for certain categories of goods that are not subject to customs procedures in accordance with the Customs Code of the Customs Union;

declarant is a person who declares the goods or on whose behalf the goods are declared;

foreign person is a person who is not a Member State customs union;

foreign goods are goods that are not goods of the customs union, as well as goods that have acquired the status of foreign goods in accordance with the Customs Code of the Customs Union;

commercial documents are invoice, specifications, shipping and packing lists and other documents used in the implementation of foreign trade and other activities, as well as to confirm the transactions involving the movement of goods across the customs border of the customs union;

non-tariff regulatory measures are a set of measures to regulate foreign trade in goods carried by the introduction of quantitative and other restrictions and economic restrictions that are established by international treaties of the Members States of the Customs Union, the decisions of the Commission of the Customs Union and the normative legal acts of Member States of the customs union, issued in accordance with international treaties of the Member States of the customs union;

taxes are value added tax (VAT) and excise tax levied by customs authorities when importing goods into the customs territory of the customs union;

carrier is a person performing the carriage of goods and (or) passengers through the customs border and (or) the carriage of goods under customs supervision within the customs territory of the customs union, or is responsible for the use of vehicles;

movement of goods across the customs border is importation of goods into the customs territory of the customs union or export of goods from the customs territory of the customs union;

customs bill of entry is a document drawn up in the prescribed form containing information on goods, selected customs procedure and other information necessary for the release of goods;

customs duty is a compulsory payment levied by customs authorities in connection with the movement of goods across the customs border;

customs procedure is a body of rules defining the requirements for customs purposes and conditions of use and (or) disposal of goods in the customs territory of the customs union or outside it;

customs declaration is a declarant’s statement to the customs authorities of information on goods, selected customs procedure and (or) any other information required for the release of goods;

customs documents are documents prepared solely for customs purposes;

customs operations are acts committed by persons and customs authorities in order to ensure compliance with the customs legislation of the customs union;

customs authority of destination is the customs authority which territorial jurisdiction includes the point of delivery established by the customs authority of departure or which completes the customs procedure of customs transit;

customs authority of departure is the customs authority which performs customs operations related to the placement of goods under the customs procedure of customs transit;

customs transit is the customs procedure whereby foreign goods are transported inside the customs territory of the Russian Federation exempt from customs duties and taxes and free from any economic restrictions of prohibitions stipulated by the Federal Law of the Russian Federation on the State Regulation of Foreign Trade. Domestic customs transit is applied to the transportation of goods from the place of their entry to the place of location of the customs authority of destination, from the place where the imported goods were declared to the customs authorities to the place of their export from the customs territory of the Russian Federation, between temporary storage warehouses, bonded warehouses, as well as in other cases when goods transit through the customs territory of the Russian Federation without guarantees of payment of customs duties and taxes. Transportation of goods in accordance with the domestic customs transit procedure may be performed by any carrier, including a customs carrier.

customs representative is a legal entity of the Member State of the customs union, performing customs operations in the name and on behalf of the declarant or other interested person in accordance with the customs legislation of the customs union;

goods of the customs union are goods located in the customs territory of the customs union:

  • completely manufactured in the territories of the Member States of the customs union;
  • imported into the customs territory of the customs union and have acquired the status of goods from the customs union in accordance with the Customs Code of the Customs Union and (or) international treaties of the Member States of the customs union;
  • manufactured in the territories of the Member States of the customs union of the goods specified in the second and third paragraphs of this subparagraph, and (or) foreign goods, and have acquired the status of the goods of the customs union in accordance with the Customs Code of the Customs Union and (or) international treaties of the Member States of the customs union.

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